Luke introduces Priscilla and her husband to us in Acts 18. We learn that they came from
Critics downplay Priscilla's participation and even point out the private nature of this teaching, away from the synagogue. Yet nowhere do we see Priscilla taking a backseat to her husband and this “private” setting of their home was where the church met in
Others overemphasize Priscilla’s involvement citing name order (Priscilla is mentioned ahead of her husband in this passage). This is an unreasonable position as well.
Which name is mentioned first?
It seems to me the balance of the naming order really tells the story here. Priscilla and
1 Corinthians 16.19 Paul sends warm greeting from
Romans 16.3-5 give some strong descriptions of our couple. Only Priscilla and
2 Timothy 4.19 tells us little more about our couple other than they seemed to have returned to
Priscilla and her husband worked closely with Paul, but were also independent church leaders in the 1st century. Sometimes they followed Paul to a destination and sometimes they preceded him there. In both cases, they coordinated with Paul and received some of his highest compliments for their leadership. Witherington (Women in the Earliest Church, 1920, pg 114) summarizes their activities as follows:
One gets the impression they were two of Paul’s closest and most reliable workers, and it is likely they were involved in a wide range of activities from providing hospitality for Paul to church planting, to teaching and preaching (Rom 16:5; 1 Cor 16:19; and Acts 18:1-3, 26-28). Clearly they were a major factor in the Gentile mission.